Sustainable Livelihood in Water Sector
Paper: The Rural Water Livelihoods Index
Caroline A. Sullivan*, Alasdair Cohen**, Jean-Marc Faurès** & Guido Santini**
A focus on wider water supply-livelihood linkages, e.g. through impacts on household labour and income generation, would lead to changes in the way water supply activities are conceived and implemented.
The purpose of the Rural Water Livelihoods Index (RWLI) is to provide a framework for assessment of water-related components which influence rural livelihoods, and can support rural poverty reduction.(lack of access of capital and result of deprivation these resources(Sen))
In terms of structure, the RWLI (Rural Water Livelihoods Index (RWLI))addresses four key aspects of rural livelihoods. These are:
1. Access to basic water services: Access to basic water
services includes access to clean and affordable water supply and to adequate sanitation.
2. Crop and livestock water security: Crop and livestock water security
is a measure of how agricultural activities are affected by climate variability and how resilient agricultural systems are to such variability, including droughts and floods. It is linked, in part, and where needed, with access to irrigation and livestock watering facilities.
3. Clean and healthy water environment: Clean and healthy water environment represents the water quality component of the index, in relation to human health and living conditions
4. Secure and equitable water entitlement: secure and equitable water entitlements are related to access to water, rights, and the degree to which the rule of law is present and equitably enforced.