Sustainability and Equity - Concepts
1. Sustainability and Equity
Each of these have two sides- Normative and Descriptive
Normative because , each states a desirable goal or criteria for evaluation
Descriptive because, each can be empirically observed / or measured
2. Each are lined and has both - ends and means
3. Equity - implies a better distribution of assets, opportunities, capabilities and enhancement of most deprived
Minimum definition of equity of water requirement must include adequate per capita water needed based on certain standards ( which are logical and rational)( ENDS)
Equity in access to water resources ( MEANS) are a precondition for gaining adequate and minimum water requirement.
4. Sustainability- Bruntland definition .
Has three broad components- Environment, Financial and Social
Environment Sustainability- preserving finite resources with long term view and not wasteful and polluting practices by growing urbanisation
Financial Sustainability - Sustainable financing of the project.
Social Sustainability - ability to maintain and improve livelihood by enhancing local and global assets and capabilities.
Negative side - Not able to cope up with stress, shocks ( From Sustainable Livelihood Approach)
Sustainability - of sources of water resources ( STOCK) is an END in itself.
Usage of water resources for future generation ( FLOW) is a means
In terms of resource productivity, actual practices of farmers, poor in rural are more sustainable with traditional usage of tanks, lakes etc for water requirement.
Equity in access to water resources by no means assures Sustainability resource use without good regulation for resource management and exploitation. ( Compared to Tragedy of Commons)