Tuesday, September 20, 2011

Alternative Water Allocation Mechanisms

Alternative Water Allocation Mechanisms

Alternative Water Allocation Mechanisms: Indian and International Experiences
Author(s): Ruth Meinzen-Dick and Meyra Mendoza
Source: Economic and Political Weekly, Vol. 31, No. 13 (Mar. 30, 1996), pp. A25

1. India has vast water resources, but is not equally shared among regions irregular distribution of rainfall. Irrigation thus play a critical role in Indian agriculture. Now increasing trend is usage of groundwater resources

2. However, growing population and urbanisation, are putting pressures on transfer of water out of agriculture
In Urban center, the poor face a lot of problems and often end up paying high prices for domestic water supplies.
In nearby rural areas the problem is still more acute. They poor rural people many a times will not have access to potable water and sanitation services, and pollutants from disposal of untreated sewage and poor sanitation are becoming add to problem.

3. Now with growing industries , the demand for water has gone up and If Industries exists in rural areas then they polluted the water sources and water becomes unfit for consumption purposes.

Therefore , there are competing sectors for allocation (or transfer) of water and also one needs to address the problem of the degradation of the water resource base

This paper argues that - greater attention to the allocation of water ( water rights and decisions on when, how, and where water will be delivered).
Holistically deal with decisions on the use of water in different sectors, and a greater importance on Water rights and incentives of water users


Three types of alternative water allocation mechanisms:
(a) administrative allocation,
(b) user-managed allocation
(c) market allocation

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